A 14 pin relay is a type of electrical switch that uses an electromagnetic coil to open or close contacts in order to turn on or off a circuit. It is commonly used in industrial and automotive applications where large currents need to be controlled. Understanding the wiring diagram of a 14 pin relay can be helpful when troubleshooting electrical issues or installing new equipment. In this article, we will discuss the various components of a 14 pin relay and how to properly wire it.
Components of a 14 Pin Relay
A 14 pin relay consists of several components, including:
|A coil of wire that creates a magnetic field when a current passes through it. This magnetic field pulls on an armature.
|A metal component that moves in response to the magnetic field created by the electromagnetic coil. The armature is used to open or close the relay’s contacts.
|Metal components that are opened or closed by the armature. Contacts come in various types, including normally open, normally closed, and changeover.
|A component that returns the armature to its original position after the electromagnetic coil is de-energized. The spring is necessary to ensure that the contacts are properly closed or opened.
Understanding the function of each component is important when wiring a 14 pin relay. Improper wiring can lead to damage of the components and potentially dangerous electrical situations.
Below is a wiring diagram for a typical 14 pin relay:
The diagram shows the electromagnetic coil, armature, and contacts of the relay. The coil is powered by a voltage source, typically 12 or 24 volts DC. When the coil is energized, the armature is pulled towards the coil and closes the contacts. When the coil is de-energized, the spring returns the armature to its original position and opens the contacts.
Wiring the 14 Pin Relay
To wire the 14 pin relay, follow these steps:
Step 1: Power
Connect the voltage source to pins 9 and 10 of the relay. Make sure to use the correct voltage for your specific relay.
Step 2: Contacts
Connect the circuit that you want to control to pins 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, and 14. The specific pins that you use will depend on the type of contacts that you need. For example, if you need normally closed contacts, use pins 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. If you need normally open contacts, use pins 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, and 14. If you need changeover contacts, use both sets of pins.
What is a 14 pin relay used for?
A 14 pin relay is commonly used in industrial and automotive applications where large currents need to be controlled. It is used to switch circuits on and off.
How do I wire a 14 pin relay?
To wire a 14 pin relay, connect the voltage source to pins 9 and 10 and connect the circuit that you want to control to the appropriate pins based on the type of contacts that you need.
What are the different types of contacts in a 14 pin relay?
The different types of contacts in a 14 pin relay are normally closed, normally open, and changeover. Normally closed contacts are closed when the relay is de-energized. Normally open contacts are open when the relay is de-energized. Changeover contacts can be either normally closed or normally open depending on the state of the relay.
What voltage should I use to power a 14 pin relay?
The voltage that you should use to power a 14 pin relay depends on the specific relay that you are using. Consult the manufacturer’s specifications for the correct voltage.
What should I do if my 14 pin relay is not working?
If your 14 pin relay is not working, check the wiring to make sure that it is correct. Also, check the voltage to make sure that it is correct for the relay. If the wiring and voltage are correct, the relay may be damaged and need to be replaced.
In conclusion, understanding the wiring diagram of a 14 pin relay is important when troubleshooting electrical issues or installing new equipment. Proper wiring can prevent damage to components and ensure safe operation. By following the steps outlined in this article, you should be able to wire a 14 pin relay correctly and safely.